Saturday, August 16, 2008

US Mint

This write up of the US Mint explains exactly who the USD Mint are and what they deal in and is well worth reading before you decide to buy any gold or silver coins from the US Mint.

As always, it is prudent to always do one’s own due diligence before buying gold from any gold dealer or mint.

Who are the US Mint
The US Congress created the United States Mint on April 2, 1792. The Mint is responsible for creating the nationals coinage as well as providing precious metal coins for numismatic and other collectors for some years.

The US Mint creates revenue from manufacturing coins (in more way than one of course) but primarily from the precious metal coins from which it generates something on the order of 860 million dollars a year and a total of more than $1 billion in total annual revenues.

The primary mission of the United States Mint is given on the website.
To produce an adequate volume of circulating coinage for the nation to conduct its trade and commerce. In recent history circulating coin production has varied between 11 billion and 20 billion coins annually. In addition to producing coins, the United States Mint has other responsibilities, including the following:

Distributing U.S. coins to the Federal Reserve banks and branches.

Maintaining physical custody and protection of the Nation's $100 billion of U.S. gold and silver assets.

Producing proof, uncirculated, and commemorative coins, and medals for sale to the general public.

Manufacturing and selling platinum, silver, and gold bullion coins.
Overseeing of production facilities in Denver, Philadelphia, San Francisco and West Point, as well as the U.S. Bullion Depository at Fort Knox, Kentucky.
The US Mint operates 6 facilities across the US with each facility performing various functions. Current facilities are located in:
Washington, DC
Philadelphia, PA
West Point, NY
Fort Knox, KY
Denver, CO, and
San Francisco, Cal.
When the US Mint was created by Congress with the Coinage Act of 1792, it was placed within the Department of State. As per the terms of the Coinage Act, the first Mint building was located in Philadelphia, the then U.S. capital. It was the first building of the Republic raised under the Constitution.

The Mint's first director was renowned scientist David Rittenhouse. The position is currently held by Edmund C. Moy. Henry Voigt was the first Superintendent and Chief Coiner. He is credited with some of the first U.S. coin designs. Another important position at the Mint is that of Chief Engraver, which has been held by such men as Frank Gasparro, William Barber, Charles E. Barber, James B. Longacre, Christian Gobrecht and Anthony C. Paquet, among others.

The Mint was made an independent agency in 1799 and, under the Coinage Act of 1873, became part of the Department of the Treasury. It was placed under the auspices of the Treasurer of the United States in 1981.

Edmund C. Moy, the current Director, was sworn in as the 38th Director of the United States Mint on September 5, 2006.

In the financial year 2007 the United States Mint manufactured over 15 billion circulating coins, generated a revenue of $2.63 billion, and contributed $825 million in earnings to the United States Treasury.

About the US Mint
The number of coins minted today is astounding. Denver and Philadelphia alone produce 65 million to 80 million coins a day. The stories behind each of the mint locations are very interesting to read about.

The first United States Mint branch, established in 1792, was located in the Nation’s capital at that time, Philadelphia. These days, the US Mint at Philadelphia makes all the circulating and uncirculated coin denominations, as well as a variety of medals, and commemorative coins as authorized by Congress. In addition, the United States Mint Sculpting/Engraving Department, responsible for engraving all coin and medal designs, is housed at the United States Mint at Philadelphia.

Of course everyone will have heard of Fort Knox. although manufacturing is not conducted at the United States Bullion Depository in Kentucky, to give it its official name, it is still a vital part of the organization. Protected by the United States Mint Police, one of the Nation’s oldest federal law enforcement agencies, virtually all of the United States Treasury’s gold and silver reserves are held by the United States Mint.

The United States Mint manufactures proof coins mainly for collectors. The term "proof" refers to the manufacturing processes used to create a special coin finish that is distinguished by a high-relief image and a brilliant mirror-like background. The coins that compose both the United States Mint Proof Set(R) and the United States Mint Silver Proof Set(TM) are so beautiful that many people think of them as miniature works of art.

The US Mint produced its first “proof set” in 1936. That set consisted of 5 coins, including the one cent (penny), five cents (nickel), ten cents (dime), twenty-five cents (quarter-dollar) and fifty cents (half-dollar). Today’s sets also include the dollar coin featuring Sacagawea - the Golden Dollar. Since 1999, this set has also contained all five coins issued as part of the 50 State Quarters(R) Program

US Mint Products
As well as the national coinage, the US mint produces various single and collective groups of precious metal coins. Here is a short list of some of them.
50 State Quarters® Program
D. & U.S. Territories
Presidential $1 Coins
First Spouse Gold Coins
Native American $1 Coins
Lincoln One-Cent Redesign
American Gold Buffalo - 24K
American Gold Eagles
Commemoratives
Medals
It should be noted that such coins are really suitable more for numismatic and hobby collection purposes rather than investment. Mainly due to the high cost of the coins. The manufacturing process and other associated costs and profit margins means that one will pay many times the value of the gold or silver contained within the coins in order to obtain them.

Many people like to collect them however, for their intrinsic beauty and as a hobby. Any investment qualities are going to be extremely long term.

Investment in gold or silver should really be in the form of bullion such as rounds or bars.

US Mint Payment Options
If you want to buy gold coins, gold bullion, commemoratives, silver coins or silver bullion from the US Mint, they will accept all major credit cards online. You will need to open an account first and then select what you want from the product pages to be placed in the shopping cart. Then you simply order what is in the shopping cart and they will be delivered to the address you provided (which should be the same address as is on the credit card)

The Last Word on the US Mint
If you are interested in collecting US gold and silver coins purely for collecting sake then the US Mint is worth considering. Naturally all the dealers will buy from them and resell and so it is really a question of price as the coins, being hermetically sealed at the manufacturing stage, are going to be the same regardless of whom you buy them.

Of course, such coins are more suitable for collectors than for investment. Investment in gold and silver is best done using gold or silver rounds and bullion bars. in addition one can invest in gold and silver by owning it and not having the hassle of storage and transport issues, by going to goldmoney.com and opening an account there.

If you have bought any gold coins, silver coins, gold bullion or silver bullion from the www.usmint.gov, please feel free to leave feedback on the quality of service and products you found, including any www.usmint.gov online complaints and special attention or service given by www.usmint.gov online

Friday, August 15, 2008

South African Mint

It is recommended that you read this write up about the South African Mint and find out who the South African Mint are and what they are like before you undertake any dealings with them.

In all transactions with gold or any other precious metal with any gold dealer, it is wise to do your own due diligence and find out as much about them as possible.

Who are the South African Mint
When gold was discovered in the Gauteng area (Johannesburg) in 1886, President Paul Kruger realized that the ZAR needed its own coins so the government of the day granted a concession to a consortium of Dutch, German and British investors in 1890 to establish the National Bank and permission to operate a mint.

Within two years The State Mint and Bank was built and officially opened on 6 July 1892.

During the eighties, the Government initiated the deregulation of State activities and the South African Mint was privatized, with the SA Reserve Bank as the holding company. The South African Mint Company (Pty) Ltd was established on 1 September 1988 as a full subsidiary of the SA Reserve Bank.

This lasted until the new mint at Gateway, Centurion which was built and completed in October 1990 and officially opened during October 1992

The mint has seven directors, six non executive and the managing Director, Executive. Each are appointed by the sole shareholder, the South African Reserve Bank. The Managing Director if the mint is Mr AM Mvinjelwa and the Chairperson is RD Mokate.

The website, www.samint.co.za has been online since November 1999 and, although the presentation started off rather poorly has improved very well over the years.

South African Mint Products

Probably the most famous of the South African mint coins is the Krugerrand. The world’s first ounce-denominated gold coin, the Krugerrand, was struck at the South African Mint on the 3 July 1967.

These 1 troy-ounce gold bullion coins were produced in vast quantities so that the “man in the street” would be able to purchase gold easily and with confidence. Later, in 1980, the fractional Krugerrands (½ oz, ¼ oz and 1/10 oz) were added to the 1 oz Krugerrand to assist the smaller buyer to obtain gold at a more affordable price.

As one of the best selling gold coins for the South African mint, the Krugerrand is still minted in the traditional 22 carat gold and proof quality Krugerrands are available as limited editions only. With each individual coin set issued with a numbered certificate of authenticity.

The name Krugerrand, incidentally, was derived from KRUGER (President Paul Kruger) and RAND the monetary unit of South Africa. The word Rand (meaning 'ridge' is associated with the area called Witwatersrand, "the ridge of white water" an important gold producing area.

According to the Mint, When Intergold was established as a subsidiary of the Chamber of Mines in South Africa, they took over the distribution of the uncirculated (bullion) Krugerrand (with 180 serrations) while the proof Krugerrand (with 220 serrations) was sold by the South African Mint. The bullion Krugerrand is linked to the daily gold price while the proof Krugerrand is available in limited quantities with a yearly fixed price. As a numismatic coin, the proof Krugerrand has been eagerly sought after by coin collectors.

More information on the Krugerrand is available on Gold Price.

Other coins available from the South African mint include the Protea.

After the success of the Krugerrand a second gold collectors’ coin, the PROTEA series was introduced by the South African Mint in 1986. The King Protea is portrayed on the obverse of the coin while the reverse themes changes each year.

Arthur Sutherland, chief die-sinker of the South African Mint modelled the popular design and in 1988, three different Protea coins were issued. Since the year 1989, the King Protea has appeared on the obverse of the Protea coin series. Initially, the coins were issued in 22 carat gold, but since 1997, the gold Protea coins have been issued in 24 carat gold. Protea coins are available in proof quality 1 oz and 1/10th oz pure gold as well as R1 sterling silver (1 oz). Like all proof coins, these artistic pieces have a limited yearly mintage and have become a much sought after series by international coin collectors.

The Natura Series was first minted in 1994. These coins were South Africa’s first 24 carat 999.9 fine gold coin series. The Natura legal tender coins are issued as singles or in sets in limited edition and PROOF quality only including from one ounce to half, quarter and one tenth ounces. The Natura series features the animals of Africa including the Elephant, buffalo, leopard among others.

Other somewhat minor issues are also produced.

Buying from the South African Mint

You cannot buy direct from the South African Mint but would need to buy from either local dealers, if in South Africa or International Dealers if overseas. A list of all the dealers is provided on site.

Last Word on the South African Mint

Of course, such coins are really more suitable for collectors than for investment purposes. Investment in gold and silver is best done using gold or silver rounds and bullion bars. in addition one can invest in gold and silver by owning it and not having the hassle of storage and transport issues, by going to goldmoney.com and opening an account there.

If you have bought any gold or silver coins or other bullion from www.samint.co.za, please feel free to leave your feedback on the quality of service by the www.samint.co.za online as well as any complaints and special attention or service given by www.samint.co.za online.

Thursday, August 14, 2008

Islamic Mint

This write up of the Islamic Mint explains exactly who the Islamic Mint are and what they deal in and is well worth while reading before you decide to buy any gold or silver coins from the Islamic Mint.

As always, it is prudent to do one's own due diligence before buying gold from any gold dealer or mint.

Who are the Islamic Mint

The Islamic Mint is situated in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It produces the Islamic Dinar and Islamic Dirham.

Castiñeira is marketing director of the Islamic Mint, a private institution dedicated to reviving as international currency the coinage described in the Koran - the gold dinar and silver dirham.

E-dinar's British COO, Yahya Cattanach, and his family share a communal condo with Castiñeira in the comfortable Jumeirah district of Dubai. The company's Spanish president, Umar Ibrahim Vadillo, is also the president of the Islamic Mint. And finally, uniting all three men, as well as e-dinar's Swiss CEO, Malaysian CFO, and German CTO, is the fact that all are high-placed members of the Murabitun movement, a modern, Western offshoot of Sufi Islam and possibly the only religious sect in history whose defining article of faith is a financial theory.

The e-dinar's primary unit of account is 4.25 grams of gold. Officially, the Islamic Mint and e-dinar are separate organizations, but they're actually the off- and online divisions of a single project, joined by ideological and personal ties.

Their website is www.e-dinar.com

They are associated with E-Dinar Ltd who actually sell the coins. E-Dinar Ltd are based in Malaysia and Dubai.

They first began minting Minted first gold dinar and silver dirhams in 1992. In 2000 they Established formal organization and incorporated e-dinar Ltd in Labuan, Malaysia with a authorized share capital of USD 1.5 million. They received permission to mint coins in Dubai and have established mints in UAE and Indonesia.

They also have a Malaysian site at www.islamicmint.com.my.

More information about the Islamic Currency & Mint
In the beginning the Muslims used gold and silver by weight and the dinar and dirhams that they used were made by the Persians.

According to the Islamic mint website:

"Umar Ibn al-Khattab (second caliph of the Muslim also known as Abu Hafs Umar ibn al-Khattab al-Adawi, reigned from 634 to 644 CE) established the known relationship between them based on their weights: "10 dirhams must be equivalent to 7 dinars (mithqals)". The weight of a mithqal of gold is seventy-two grains of barley, so that the dirham which is seven-tenths of it is fifty and two-fifths grains. In the year 75 AH (695 CE) Caliph Abul Walid Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (reigned from 685 to 705 CE) ordered Al-Hajjaj to mint the first Dirhams and in 77 AH (696 CE), the first standard gold Dinar were minted. In the next years these coins were minted in all the regions of Islam. He ordered that the coins should be stamped with the sentence: "la ilaha ill' Allah" (Allah is Unique, Allah is Eternal). He also ordered to remove human figures and animals from the coins and to be replaced with letters. Gold and silver coins remained official currency in Islamic regions until the fall of the Caliphate in 1918. This indicates that the Islamic Gold Dinar was the currency of the Muslim community from its first years right up to the fall of the Ottoman Empire (Osmanli dynasty)."

Dr. Umar Ibrahim Vadillo, Pioneer of the Dinar's reintroduction and director of E-Dinar Ltd, is known as the designer of the current coins. He is also the author of books, written on Islamic finance and Economics. Among his books are "The Fatwa on Paper Money", "The Return of the Gold Dinar" and "The Esoteric Deviation in Islam", published by Medinah Press.

Islamic Mint Products
The wealth in these coins can be calculated directly by weight for zakah, marriage and hudud according to Islamic teaching and implementation.
Weights and Measures:
The Islamic Dinar 22K gold (.917) is equivalent to 4.25 grams 23mm diameter.
The Islamic Dirham 0.925 pure silver equivalent to 2.975 grams 25mm diameter.
Besides 1 Dirham in silver and 1 Dinar gold coins, 5 Dirhams in silver and 2 Dinars in Gold also exists. The silver coins show the Kaaba. (All the Muslims face the Kaaba during their five time prayers in a day, which is the second pillar of Islam. ) The gold coins also show the tomb of Muhammad.

The Islamic Dinar is now currently minted in four countries and being privately used in more than 22. During 1982, the Islamic Development Bank was prescribed by the IMF as a holder of Special Drawing Rights (SDR's). SDR's are a unit of IMF currency tied to gold. The Islamic Dinar, which is made of gold is a unit of account at the Islamic Development Bank, equal in value to one SDR.

It is possible to buy Dinar gold coins from the various Islamic mints such as e-dinar Ltd. You will need to open an account and provide the usual ‘Know your Customer’ proof of ID, or alternatively one could also possible purchase from the principal contact person of Islamic Mint: Mr. Thani Alromaithi. email: [email protected] But I dare say he will also want to know with whom he is dealing.

In the beginning of 2008 the Islamic Mint introduced two more coins: 10 Dirhams in .999 Silver having 30g and 8 Dinar 22K gold having 34g. These gold and silver coins are also available for sale. Their main office is at Abu Dhabi and regional branch and private mint located in Dubai. Their functional website is at www.e-dinar.com/ and current prices can be seen at www.e-dinar.com/cgi/shop.cgi.

You might also be able to get them at gold and silver dealers.

Last Word on the Islamic Mint
The Islamic gold and silver coins are very impressive and outstanding in quality and the cost is not much above spot. But they are really designed specifically for use in the Islamic World.

When it comes to investment in gold and silver, one would be better off looking at gold bullion in the form of bars or even buying gold and silver from such places as goldmoney.com for example, for investment purposes.

More information on Islamic gold coins can be found at: Islamic Gold Coins.

If you have bought any Islamic silver bullion coins from any dealers please feel free to leave your feedback on the quality of service and products including any online complaints and special attention or service given by any dealers of Islamic gold and silver coins.

Sunday, August 10, 2008

New Zealand Mint

This write up of the New Zealand Mint explains exactly who the New Zealand Mint are and what they deal in and is well worth reading before you decide to buy any gold or silver coins from the New Zealand Mint.

As always, it is prudent to do one's own due diligence before buying gold from any gold dealer or mint.

Who are the New Zealand Mint

The New Zealand Mint, based in Auckland, New Zealand, is a private mint and has been minting legal tender commemorative coins, gold bullion and medallions since the 1960s and was also one of the first world mints to adopt the .9999 standard for gold coin purity

Mark Sutton, general manager of the New Zealand Mint, has indicated that the mint turns over $30 million a year in products and estimates it should hit $50 million in turnover in the coming 12 month.

According to the Wayback machine, the New Zealand mint website has been operating from Sept 2002.

All gold coins minted by New Zealand Mint are certified to be .9999 pure. New Zealand Mint only uses gold that has been refined to the international standard of .9999 pure.

New Zealand gold is generally sourced from all major mines throughout New Zealand. The country's primary gold production areas include the South Island's Otago, the West Coast and the North Island's Coromandel region.

The New Zealand Mint also mints coins for legal tender releases such as the Conquest of Everest series minted under the authority of the Government of Nepal, Fiji Historic Pure Gold Coin minted under the authority of the Government of Fiji, and the Endangered Asian Pacific Wildlife series minted under the authority of the Government of the Cook Islands. They have also undertaken special minting work on assignment for overseas corporate companies as well.

New Zealand Mint Products
Over 150 years ago New Zealand's first gold nuggets were discovered on the banks of Coromandel's Kapanga Creek. The year was 1852, and at the time New Zealand was experiencing its first major influx of European settlers so New Zealand has also had its own ‘Gold Rush’.

New Zealand still has an active gold mining industry with the annual gold production of almost 12 tonnes a year. Gold is found both in the North and South Island bound up with rock in the North and South Islands and as small nuggets or flakes of alluvial gold in the South.

The New Zealand Mint also issues a Certificate of Authenticity with every coin it mints.

Currently the New Zealand Mint carries the following products:
1oz Silver Bullion Coin
1oz .9999 silver bullion coin
Gold Kiwi Coin 1oz
1oz .9999 Gold bullion coin
Gold Kiwi Coin 1/2oz
1/2 oz .9999 pure gold bullion coin
Gold Kiwi Coin 1/4oz
1/4 oz .9999 pure gold bullion coin
5 Troy Oz .9999 Gold Bar
5 troy oz .9999 pure gold bullion bar
10 Troy Oz .9999 Gold Bar
10 troy oz .9999 pure gold bullion bar
1 Kilogram .9999 Gold bar
1 kilogram .9999 pure gold bullion bar
1 Kilogram .999 Silver Bar
1 kilogram .999 fine silver bullion bar
5 Kilogram .999 Silver Bar
5 kilogram .999 fine silver bullion bar
Also still available at the time of writing.
Scott Base 50th Anniversary Gold Coin Beautifully crafted $1 mini Gold Proof coin celebrating 50 years of Scott Base in Antarctica 1/2 oz .9999 gold proof coin 25.1mm diameter Limited mintage of 500

ANZAC 90th Anniversary $1 Silver Coin Set. A set of two .9999 gold proof coins, one issued by Australia and the other by New Zealand. 22 Carat Gold $NZ10 Proof Coin Weight:39.94gm, Dia:38.61mm Limited Edition of 300
1/4 oz proof quality .9999 pure gold legal tender coin issued by Kingdom of Nepal.
Limited Edition of 2,000.

Mikado Pheasant Gold Coin coloured legal tender coin - 10gram .9999 gold, 25mm diameter.
Limited Edition of 1,000 Black-faced Spoonbill Gold Coin
Coloured legal tender coin - 10gram .9999 gold, 25mm diameter. Limited Edition of 1,000

1/10 oz proof quality .9999 pure legal tender coin from Fijian Gold, 16mm diameter. $10 face value.

1/20 oz proof quality .9999 pure legal tender coin from Fijian Gold, 13.9mm diameter. $5 face value.
And many more.

Buying from the New Zealand Mint
The first time you buy from newzealandmint.com you will be asked for a number of details to create an account. This is a simple matter of providing some information, a user name and password so you can log in to your account and you can select gold coins to place in your shopping basket.

Buying is just a matter of selecting the gold cons you want to buy and placing them in a shopping cart.

The New Zealand Mint accepts standard credit card payments

Also for purchasing bullion the following applies:

Once you know what type of precious metal, gold or silver, you want to buy and how much, you simply call the mint by phone and you will be quoted a ‘spot price’. Once you agree to the price you will then need to confirm this by requesting a contract. The contract will state the agreed price, quantity ordered, applicable shipping costs.

You will get a copy of the contract which you will need to sign and return and fax back to the mint within the hour to ensure it is accepted.

Once you receive the contract (either by fax or email), review it carefully, sign it then fax back to the Mint on Auckland 377 6836. All contracts you sign must be returned within one hour of receiving the contract.

Having done that payment must then be made and this is done by transferring the required funds by telegraphic transfer to the New Zealand Mint bank. A copy of the deposit slip (or payment confirmation) must also be faxed to the Mint on the same day the contract is raised.

You should also fax the transfer confirmation also.

If the confirmation of the payment is not received on the day of issuing the contract the Mint will cancelled the order and you will be liable for the difference between your agreed price and the Mint's sale price of the liquidated bullion.

Payment can be made in NZD$ USD$ or AUD$.

Within 15 working days you will be able to either pick up or have the gold shipped to you.

The shipping charges, which include insurance are, $30 within New Zealand for gold and $30 dollars for 5KG of silver.

The Mint also offers a secured and insured allocated storage programme.

All orders are shipped on a door-to-door basis and can only be shipped to street addresses (not PO Boxes) only. Delivery will require adult identification, signature and proof of delivery from the addressee at the time of delivery

Note that there are NO refunds, returns or exchanges on precious metal purchases by or from the New Zealand Mint.

Last word on the New Zealand Mint
It should be noted that buying gold and silver coins from the New Zealand Mint has the security that you are buying genuine and real gold and silver coins. Of course you will pay top dollar so this is really for collectors only and not for gold or silver investors who’s time and money would be better spend seeking out gold and silver bullion, preferably in large quantities to reduce the premium. In addition one can invest in gold and silver by owning it and not having the hassle of storage and transport issues, by going to goldmoney.com and opening an account there.

If you have bought any gold coins, silver coins, gold bullion or silver bullion from the www.newzealandmint.com, please feel free to leave feedback on the quality of service and products you found, including any www.newzealandmint.com online complaints and special attention or service given by www.newzealandmint.com.

Friday, August 1, 2008

British Royal Mint

This write up of the British Royal Mint explains exactly who the British Royal Mint are and what they deal in and is well worth reading before you decide to buy any gold or silver coins from the British Royal Mint.

As always, it is prudent to do one's own due diligence before buying gold from any gold dealer or mint.

Who are the British Royal Mint
The British Royal Mint is perhaps the oldest mint in the world with origins dating back to 886 during the reign of Alfred the Great. At that time it was one of many mints around the country but, by 1279, it has been moved to the Tower of London and remained there for the next 500 years becoming the sole producer of coin of the realm for the United Kingdom.

Sir Issac Newton, the physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, held the post of Warden in the mint and was responsible for investigating cases of counterfeiting in 1696 eventually holding the position of Master of the Royal Mint from 1699 until his death in 1727. In England he was responsible for moving the pound sterling from the silver standard (where the term sterling originated from) to the gold standard in 1717, by creating a relationship between gold coins and the silver penny in the "Law of Queen Anne". These was considered a great reform at the time, adding to the wealth and stability of England. It was his work at the Mint, rather than his earlier contributions to science, that earned him a knighthood from Queen Anne in 1705.

Around the early 1800s the Mint was moved from the Tower of London to Tower Hill where it remained until it was move outside of London in 1967 to new buildings in Llantrisant, ten miles west of Cardiff.

Over the years the processes for manufacturing coinage improved with mechanisation, rolling mills and coin presses in the seventeenth century. In the 1880s, electricity and further demand improved the efficiency and output of the mint with the mint finally reaching capacity in early 1971 ahead of decimalisation where hundreds of millions of new decimal coins had to be produced.

Of course the Royal Mint exists primarily to mint coins for circulation in the United Kingdom. But it also manufactures and circulates coins for over 100 other countries, mints and collectors, as well as producing the countries military medals and civilian decorations for the British military and orders of chivalry. In addition, the Mint also produced the coins for Canada until 1908 when the Royal Canadian Mint was established.

The current Chief Executive and Accounting Officer of the Royal Mint is Andrew Stafford and Mike Davies is the non-executive Chairman. The Board of the Royal Mint comprises the Chairman and three other Non-Executive Directors together with the Chief Executive and five other Executive Directors. The Chief Executive is appointed by HM Treasury.

The Chief Executive also holds the title Deputy Master of the Royal Mint and is a senior civil servant. His appointment was overseen by a Civil Service Commissioner and made in accordance with the Civil Service Commissioners' Recruitment Code.

The number of people employed (permanent and casual staff) at the Royal Mint as at 31 March 2008 was 765.

More about the British Royal Mint
According to the Royal Mint, "The latest presses can each strike more than 700 coins per minute, making it impossible for the human eye to separate the individual pieces as they pass through the press."

The standard of accuracy for striking coins in the UK is actually imposed by law. So, to ensure that the composition of the alloy is correct, samples of the molten metal are routinely checked by x-ray fluorescence spectrometry.

These days, of course, the Royal Mint has some of the most advanced coining machinery in the world. One of the most up-to-date foundries in the world is housed in the Melting, Rolling and Blanking Unit where strips of metal are drawn from large electric furnaces, reduced to the required thickness in a tandem rolling mill and transferred to large blanking presses where coin blanks can be punched out at the rate of 10,000 per minute. These blanks are then softened and cleaned in the Annealing and Pickling Plant before the final process in the Coining Press Room. Here blanks are fed into coining presses where the obverse and reverse designs, as well as the milling on the edge, are stamped onto the blank simultaneously.

British Royal Mint Products
Gold and silver coins were once traditionally 24 karat or pure 999.99 precious metal. Lately thought the trend seems to be moving more towards a lesser karat of precious metal as well as a mixture and 'coloreds' or coins with colored pictures on. Piedfords are also being promoted as being popular. These coins are thicker than the norm and of course contain more precious metal.
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Books
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British Royal Mint ordering and Payment Options
Placing orders and paying for items at the mint is not difficult. You simply opens an account, selects what you want to go into the shopping cart. When you have completed selecting all you want you go to checkout and fill out the requisite information, select the payment method, which is basically which credit card you are going to use and make a payment.

The Royal Mint provides assistance on site if anyone is having any difficulty and the site is relatively user friendly in this regard.

When your order has been confirmed you will be given an order reference number and you will be sent an order confirmation by email.

All prices can be displayed in pounds sterling, US Dollars and Canadian Dollars. The default, of course, is pounds sterling.

In the UK there is an added tax called VAT (Value Added Tax, similar to the Australian and Canadian GST). All sterling prices displayed on the website are inclusive of VAT, where applicable, at 17.5%.

The Royal Mint accept Visa, Master Card and Maestro as methods of payment on our website

The Royal Mint state also that if you are not completely happy with any of your purchases they will refund your money in full, provided are returned within 30 days of receipt by Special Delivery, complete and in mint condition.

British Royal Mint Shipping

Delivery Charges are dependent upon where the gold coins or other items are going to be delivered.

For orders from the website delivery to the EU and BFPO (British Forces Posted overseas) is free. Orders outside of the EU incur a delivery charge.

If you order by phone or post then all orders will incur a delivery charge.

All orders are expected to be delivered within 21 days. This is a lot longer than many gold coin dealers who usually deliver within a week. This applies to international orders also.

British Royal Mint Returns and Refunds
The Royal Mint state that, “If you have a problem with your product you can return it to us within 30 days and we will be happy to provide a replacement or refund.” The address for returns is:
The Royal Mint
Quality Department PCU
P.O. Box 500
Pontyclun
CF72 8WP
It is important to include all information including, your name, address and customer code along with a short description of the problem.

If you have placed an order and wish to cancel it, you can do so provided the order has not yet been dispatched from the Royal Mint. You should phone up or send an email first before canceling to ensure the product has not been dispatched from the Mint.

Then, when you know it has not yet been dispatched, you can send the Mint an e--mail using their inquiry form, stating your name, address, customer code the order was placed under (if known) and exactly what items you wish to cancel.

The Last Word on the British Royal Mint
Of course, such coins are really more suitable for collectors than for investment purposes. Investment in gold and silver is best done using gold or silver rounds and bullion bars. in addition one can invest in gold and silver by owning it and not having the hassle of storage and transport issues, by going to goldmoney.com and opening an account there.

If you have bought any gold coins, silver coins, gold bullion or silver bullion from the www.royalmint.com, please feel free to leave feedback on the quality of service and products you found, including any www.royalmint.com online complaints and special attention or service given by www.royalmint.com

Thursday, July 31, 2008

Royal Canadian Mint

This write up of the Canadian Mint explains exactly who the Canadian Mint really are and what they deal in. It is well worth reading about the Canadian Mint before you decide to buy any gold or silver coins from them.

As always, it is a wise and prudent move to do one’s own due diligence before buying gold from any gold dealer or mint.

Who are the Royal Canadian Mint
The British Royal Mint produced all the coins for Canada until 1908 when the Royal Canadian Mint was established. Then, on January 2, 1908 Governor General Earl Grey activated the press to strike a fifty-cent piece, the Dominion's first domestically produced coin. A few moments later, the Governor General’s wife, the Countess Grey, closed the ceremony by striking Canada's first bronze cent.

The Canadian Mint is a for profit corporation wholly owned directly or indirectly by government in lieu of the Crown. Their address is currently in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada with branches and shops in Canada as well.

Per Wikipedia, Ian E. Bennett was appointed President and CEO of the Royal Canadian Mint on June 12, 2006. Mr. Bennett has also held several previous positions within the Department of Finance including Deputy Minister from November 2004 to June 2006 and previously, he served as Executive Director of the International Monetary Fund representing Canada, Ireland and the Caribbean countries from September 2001 to October 2004.

As President of the Royal Canadian Mint, Two of Mr. Bennett's two most notable accomplishments, since his appointment, have been the introduction of the new Mint Mark on all Canadian Circulation Coins and the partnership with the Vancouver Olympic Committee to produce coins for the 2010 Olympic Winter Games to be held in Vancouver.

More about the Royal Canadian Mint
The Canadian Mint Website, which has been online since May 2001, is in both English and French and uses almost exclusively adobe flash which makes it a tad slower to load up than other mint sites. Those people that do not have or cannot use Adobe Flash will not be able to view the site which is quite elegantly done.

With the creation of the Royal Mint it was soon realized that a Refinery was also needed, to perform the complex work of bringing rough gold up to coinage standards, so the Canadian Mints Refinery was built and completed in 1911. By the end of that year, it had processed 90,000 troy ounces of gold, enough to strike 256,000 gold sovereigns.

Throughout War II, the Refinery produced vast quantities of gold bars with which great Britain paid its debts to other countries.

A new Refinery facility was built in 1936, designed to meet all possible future demand for many years to come.

The Royal Canadian Mint continues to refine gold for mines and central banks throughout the world. Today it stands as one of the industry's largest refiners with a current production capacity of 4.2 million troy ounces per year,

Royal Canadian Mint Products
Canadian gold coins, such as the Maple, are among the most beautiful and popular worldwide. Each gold coin is produced

With the recent gold and silver coins however, Although they bear denominations or face values of $20, $50, $100 or $200, for example, these coins are not really meant for circulation and not really suitable for investment either. They are designed as collectors coins. The gold or silver component of the coins is far in excess of the face value, although tending to be less than 24 karat these days, and, with the high premium or mark up, the coins are more for a hobby collectors market than an investor or even serious numismatist.

Never the less the Royal Canadian Mint's collector gold coins produced, especially the proof issues, are fine and beautiful specimens of gold coins. Each is individually handled and a single coin may be struck up to three times to produce that crisp flawless impression that marks a quality gold coin.

In 1979, Gold Maple Leaf coins we first introduced and were the first ever crafted coins to attain the 9999 level of purity. This is noted in the hallmark the "9999" found on every one of these 24-karat gold coins.

The Silver Maple Leaf bullion coin, was first produced in 1988. And has been a popular with collectors ever since. The Platinum Maple Leaf, minted from 1988 to 1999, is no longer in production. So there is a limit4ed supply of these and they are much in demand on the open market also.

The Mint also refines and produces gold kilo bars, trade bars and one-, five- and ten-ounce gold wafers to the same quality standard. All are struck with their weight, gold purity level and the Royal Canadian Mint hallmark.

All of these plus many other products can be found on their website www.mint.ca.

Royal Canadian Mint Storage Services

The Royal Canadian Mint provides a storage services for Royal Canadian Mint branded precious metals in our vaults. This service is not offered directly to individuals, but through business to business accounts with the Royal Canadian Mint.

The Royal Canadian Mint is a Crown Corporation of the Government of Canada. They are ISO-9001:2000 certified, and are regularly audited to ensure the transparency of the mints business. The Canadian Mint vaults provide a secure facility to store precious metals and this service provided through their selected dealers.

However you cannot buy or sell precious metals directly with the Royal Canadian Mint. You have to go through a retailer or dealer. The Mint does not sell direct to the Public. The same applies to storage. You will have to go through a dealer in order to store metals with the Canadian Mint.

Also you are unable to view stored precious metals at the Canadian Mint’s storage facilities due to security reasons.

Royal Canadian Mint Payment Options
Coins can be bought online at the Canadian Mints website and for this standard credit cards may be used. At the Mint shops of course cash may be used. If you go through the dealers they may have their own payment options and you would have to consult with that dealer to find out what they are.

All prices are in Canadian dollars

The Royal Canadian Mint state that: "want to ensure that you always benefit from the most competitive exchange rates. That is why all items in our catalogues are listed in Canadian dollars only. If you are from the US and paying by credit card, your company will automatically convert the payment to US funds at the time of shipment."

Should you wish to pay by money order or certified check you will need to call the mint and organize payment arrangements.

The United States Customs and Border Protection (USCBP) requires that the U.S.-Based Ultimate Consignee or Foreign-Based Ultimate Consignee, or receiver of the goods, provides a U.S. Social Security Number (SSN) or Internal Revenue Service (IRS) employer identification number for any order equal to or exceeding $2,000 U.S.

In addition, in order to comply with the U.S.A. Customs regulations, the Royal Canadian Mint will now require your SSN or IRS number when you place an order that equals or exceeds $2,000 U.S. in value. This information will be recorded in the U.S.A. Customs Service computer system for customs purposes only.

Royal Canadian Mint Shipping Details
Shipping from the Canadian Mint is better than many other mints,. Whereas with the UK and US mints you will have to wait for weeks, the Canadian mint offers a 10 days from the time t your credit card transaction is approved. This is provided the item is in stock of course.

When it comes to silver products it might be wise to check with the mint first as there has been some short supply of silver with many mints recently.

With Canadian orders, once your order is processed and shipped, delivery usually takes around 1-2 business days if you choose Federal Express, or 3-7 business days if you choose Canada Post.

With US Orders, delivery is expected to take about 1-2 business days if you choose Federal Express, or 7-10 business days if you choose ground mail service.

Royal Canadian Mint Returns & Refunds
If you are not completely satisfied with your purchase, you can return it to the Canadian Mint provided it is in its original packaging and within 30 days and the mint will replace it. If the product is sold out, they will give you a full refund.

To return an item it is well to follow the following steps:
1. Ensure the product is in its original packaging (single coins and coin sets must be returned in their original display cases and outer protective boxes, along with their respective Certificates of Authenticity).
2. Include your packing slip or a short note indicating your name, customer number, complete mailing address and the order number.
3. Indicate if you would prefer a refund or an exchange.
4. Send back by regular mail to: Royal Canadian Mint, PO Box 457, Stn A, Ottawa, ON. K1N 8V5 Canada
Also if you are returning a defective product, you should include a copy of the postage receipt and they will then refund your return parcel post costs at the regular mail rate, up to a maximum of $12.99 CDN.

If you want to cancel your order you should call the mint as soon as possible. If you are quick enough it can be cancelled prior to leaving the warehouse. Once it has progressed past a certain point in the order/dispatch process it is not possible to cancel the order so one does need to be quick in this regard.

Last Word on the Royal Canadian Mint

Naturally such coins are more for collectors than for investment. Investment in gold and silver is best done using gold or silver rounds and bullion bars. in addition one can invest in gold and silver by owning it and not having the hassle of storage and transport issues, by going to goldmoney.com and opening an account there.

If you have bought any gold coins, silver coins, gold bullion or silver bullion from the www.mint.ca, please feel free to leave feedback on the quality of service and products you found, including any www.mint.ca online complaints and special attention or service given by www.mint.ca

Monday, July 28, 2008

Pobjoy Mint

It is a good idea to read this write up about the Pobjoy Mint and find out who Pobjoy Mint are and what they are like before you deal with them.

In all transactions with gold or any other precious metal with any gold dealer, it is wise to do your own due diligence and find out as much about them as possible.

Who are Pobjoy Mint
The Pobjoy Mint was founded by Derek Pobjoy in 1965 after leaving his father, Ernest Pobjoy's, jewelry business and purchased his very first coin press.

Based in Surrey, England, the Pobjoy Mint is Europe's leading private Mint and manufactures legal tender commemorative and circulating coins, medals and tokens for various Governments, Central Banks and major companies throughout the world.

The Pobjoy family have been associated with fine metalwork since the Middle Ages. Recently, the company was granted permission to use the family Coat of Arms in which the Medieval Popinjay is the central motif.

The Popinjay was a painted wooden parrot used in archery contests in the 14th century and the name Pobjoy is derived from this. The Latin motto "OCULO CERTO" means "with an unerring eye" and applies to the Pobjoy's ancestral prowess as a marksman. Over the past three centuries, the Pobjoy company has been involved in many diverse fields, but always involved in metal, both base and precious. During World War II Pobjoy Aero Engineering was involved in the manufacturing of the famous Spitfire wings. They are now the largest private mint in Europe.

The current Managing Director is Taya Pobjoy and the Pobjoy family can trace its origins back to medieval times. Their address is: Pobjoy Mint Ltd, Kingswood, Surrey UK

The website for the Pobjoy Mint is www.pobjoy.com and has been online since around 1998

More Information about Pobjoy Mint

Over the past 100 years the Company has been involved in the development and manufacture of coins, medals and tokens including the production of fraud-proof tokens for the vending machine industry, calling for a higher degree of precision than the ordinary coinage. The Pobjoy Mint now has over 90 per cent of this market in the United Kingdom.

The Mint has also developed coining equipment. Apart from the circulating coinage produced on high speed presses, it has made a specialality of the deluxe pieces sought after by numismatic connoisseurs. The proof coins are individually struck by hand, at least four times each, on specially polished discs of precious metal.

A successful achievement was the introduction of the Noble, a bullion coin containing one ounce of pure platinum, and the Gold Angel. The Gold Angel Won the 'Best Gold Coin of the World' Award in the USA and is quoted daily in the Financial Times and on the screens of Reuters.

The Pobjoy Mint has strikes commemorative, circulating and pattern coins for the Isle of Man, Ascension Islands, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bolivia, Burundi, Cook Islands, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Islands, Gambia, Gibraltar, Kyrghyzstan, Liberia, Macau, Niue, Peru, Philippines, St Helena, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somaliland, South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands, Spain, Tanzania, Tokelau, Tonga, Tristan da Cunha, Uzbekistan, Western Samoa, Pitcairn Islands and Tajikistan.

In addition, many medallion issues have also been produced, most notably for Hong Kong, Malaysia and the Arab States. The mint has manufactured well over 50,000 medallions for worldwide use.

In 1996 Pobjoy Mint issued the world’s first hologram coin and in 1999, the World’s first Titanium coin.

The Mint has been successful in supplying the official Regalia, both military and civil, for the Sultan of Oman. It has worked closely with the Ruler of Dubai and produced many official pieces. It is currently under contract to the Ruler of Bahrain and is producing objet d’art in precious metals and natural stones. It has also been privileged to manufacture sumptuous presentation pieces on behalf of several Governments, for presentation to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and other members of the British Royal Family.

Since 1984 when the Pobjoy Mint was awarded its first Coin of the Year Award, it has won the following awards for its coins:
1984 COTY, Best Gold Coin, Angel, Isle of Man
1987 COTY, Best Crown, Olympic Runner, Cook Islands $50
1990 Winner of Queen’s Award for Export Achievement
1990 COTY, Coin of the Year, Penny Black Crown, Isle of Man
1990 COTY, Most Innovative Coinage, Penny Black Crown, Isle of Man
1990 COTY, Most Popular Coin, Alley Cat Crown, Isle of Man
1990 COTY, Best Crown, Penny Black Crown, Isle of Man
1992 Medal of Merit - awarded to Derek Pobjoy by the Board of Governors of the American Numismatic Association for dedication and distinguished service to the ANA.
1993 COTY, Most Popular Coin, Stegosaurus Crown, Gibraltar
1993 Vreneli-Preis awarded to Derek Pobjoy by Münzen-Revue for outstanding contribution to numismatics.
1993 ANA Appreciation Award awarded to Derek Pobjoy by the American Numismatic Association for an outstanding contribution to numismatics.
1994 Children Society Award awarded to Pobjoy Mint for support and participation in the Daily Mail Le Walk Appeal.
1996 COTY, Best Contemporary Event, Peace Rose, Bosnia & Herzegovina
1997 COTY, Most Inspirational Coin, Princess Diana with Mother Teresa, Sierra Leone
1998 COTY, Most Inspirational Coin, Peace Dove, Bosnia & Herzegovina
Of course, all coins which are to bear the Queens effigy on the obverse has to be submitted to Her Majesty's Government and ultimately to Buckingham Palace for the Queens consent. A great deal of time may elapse between the preliminary sketch and the final design, as a result of modifications.

Some of the countries which the Pobjoy Mint strike legal tender and precious metal coins such as gold and silver are:
The British Virgin Islands
The Seychelles
Isle of Man
Sierra Leone
Falkland Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Liberia
Pitcairn Islands
Pobjoy Mint Products
Here is a selection of the coins available from the Pobjoy Mint:
Isle of Man Exotic Shorthair Cat 2006 Coin
Isle of Man & The British Virgin Islands Bicentenary of the Battle of Trafalgar 2005 Two Coin Set
British Virgin Islands 500th Quincentenary of the Death of Christopher Columbus 2006 3 Coin Set
British Virgin Islands Commemorate The 10th Anniversary of The Death of Princess Diana 2007 Coin
Republic of Sierra Leone Commemorate The 10th Anniversary of The Death of Princess Diana 2007 Coin
Falkland Islands Commemorate The 10th Anniversary of the Death of Princess Diana 2007 Coin
Isle of Man Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II Queen's Beasts 2006 Coin
British Virgin Islands 250th Anniversary of the Birth of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 2006 Coin
Sierra Leone Da Vinci 'Last Supper' 2006 Coins
Falkland Islands Commemorate the Bicentenary of the Birth of Isambard Kingdom Brunel 2006 Coins
British Virgin Islands The 80th Birthday of an English Rose 2006 Coins
Isle of Man Christmas 50p 'Two Turtle Doves' 2006 Coins
Isle of Man Christmas Angel 2006 Coin
Isle of Man Peter Rabbit 2007 Coin
British Virgin Islands Quadricentennial of The Founding of Jamestown 2007 Coin
Isle of Man Ragdoll Cat 2007 Coin
Isle of Man Celebrate The Centenary of The Scouts 2007 Coin
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Native Wildlife of the Sub-Antarctic 2006 Coins
Falkland Islands Celebrate The 25th Anniversary of Their Liberation 2007 Coins
Falkland Islands Liberation 50 Pence 2007 Coin
Falkland Islands 20th Anniversary of the Fishery 2007 Coin
Isle of Man Swans 2007 Coin
Falkland Islands Celebrates The Royal Diamond Wedding Anniversary of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and His Royal Highness Prince Philip 2007 Coins
Isle of Man Celebrate The Royal Diamond Wedding Anniversary with This Beautiful Tri-Gold 2007 Coin
British Virgin Islands Commemorate The 10th Anniversary of The Death of Princess Diana 2007 Coin
Isle of Man Christmas 50p 2007 Coin
Isle of Man Christmas Angel 2007 Coin
British Virgin Islands Commemorate the Union of Scotland and England 2007 Coin
Isle of Man Celebrates The Return of Tutankhamen 2008 Coins
Isle of Man New 2008 Gold Angel Coin
Isle of Man Celebrate The 50th Anniversary of Paddington Bear 2008 Coin
Isle of Man London Olympic Collection Centenary 2008
British Virgin Islands 450th Anniversary of the Accession of Queen Elizabeth I 2008 Ryal Coin
British Virgin Islands 450th Anniversary of the Accession of Queen Elizabeth I 2008 2 Coin G999.9 Gold Set
British Virgin Islands 450th Anniversary of the Accession of Queen Elizabeth I 2008 Coronation Coin with Ruby
Falkland Islands 70th Anniversary of the Spitfire Proof Fine 999.9 Gold
Isle of Man Proof Fine 999.9 Gold Burmilla Cat 5 Coin Set 2008
Isle of Man BU 1oz Fine 999.9 Gold Burmilla Cat Coin 2008
Isle of Man BU 1/2oz Fine 999.9 Gold Burmilla Cat Coin 2008
Isle of Man BU 1/5oz Fine 999.9 Gold Burmilla Cat Coin 2008
Isle of Man BU 1/10oz Fine 999.9 Gold Burmilla Cat Coin 2008
Isle of Man BU 1/25oz Fine 999.9 Gold Burmilla Cat Coin 2008
Isle of Man Proof Fine 999.9 Gold Colour Burmilla Cat Coin 2008
Isle of Man 20 Years of the Cat 1/20oz Fine Gold 20 Coin Set 2008
Isle of Man Wonders of the World 2008 Coin 1oz Proof Fine 999.9 Gold With Sand
Pobjoy Mint Payment Options and Shipping
Pobjoy accept the major credit cards on line and one will need to give them details and open an account to use their services as is usual with online dealers and mints. Also Cheques and Postal Orders are accepted and should be made payable to Pobjoy Mint Ltd.

All prices shown are in Pounds Sterling and are exclusive of VAT (Value Added Tax). Some goods are VAT free and those are marked with an Asterisk (*). All deliveries to the EU are charged VAT (17.5 percent).

Price of gold and silver and other precious metals will be dependent on the spot price of those metals of course.

Pobjoy Mint advises there is a 28 day delivery time from the acceptance of an order.

The Pobjoy Mint also certifies that it will buy back from the original purchaser any coins or set of coins within 30 days of receipt for the full original price.

To return goods you will need to notify them by email or phone first. Check the website for details.

Pobjoy will charge £3.00 for orders dispatched within the UK and £7.50 for order within the ECC. Order outside of the ECC are charged £10.50.

For orders to the USA will depend on the value of the order. Up to 100 dollars is a 5 dollar charge. From 100 to 500 dollars it is $7.50 and so on

Last Word on the Pobjoy Mint
Here is an example of how Pobjoy sees an opportunity and is able to take advantage of it using gold and silver coins.

The Managing Director Taya Pobjoy stated, “When I heard the movie was coming out, I thought what a wonderful idea it would be to make wizard money”. And so when the first Harry Potter Movie came out, 25,000 specially minted coins were produced by the Pobjoy mint. It was billed as the world's first official legal tender coin based on the JK Rowling books, which have sold more than 100 million copies worldwide. At the time Managing Director Tanya Pobjoy said: "It has gone manic here. People are going crazy buying them. We sold more than 25,000 in five hours on Wednesday."

Such coins are more for collectors of course than for investment. Investment in gold and silver is best done using gold or silver rounds and bullion bars. Also one can invest in gold and silver by owning it and not having the hassle of storage and transport issues, by going to goldmoney.com and opening an account there.

If you have bought any gold or silver coins or bullion from www.pobjoy.com, please feel free to leave your feedback on the quality of service and products including any www.pobjoy.com online complaints and special attention or service given by www.pobjoy.com online.

Friday, July 25, 2008

China Mint Beijing 2008 Olympic Coin Sets

This is a special article not just about the Chinese Mint but also about the special gold and silver coins produced by the mint in celebration of the 2008 Olympics.

As always, ensure you do full due diligence from any gold dealer or mint before you buy gold and silver from them online.

Who are the Chinese Mint

The Chinese Mint was established in 1987 with the approval of the State Council. It is the only professional company under the direct leadership of the People's Bank of China dealing in gold and silver commemorative coins.

There are a number of websites concerned with Chinese currency and the Mint, most of which are understandably in Chinese, but the one that concerns us most is the one that provides information in English about the mint and the gold and silver coins available for collectors, and that is the www.chinagoldcoin.net/english/index.htm. This site contains most of the information about Chinese coins such as the Panda and, currently, the 2008 Olympic Chinese gold and silver coins.

Since the Mints establishment, it has sold over 2 million ounces of gold coins and 15 million ounces of silver coins to the domestic and international market. Over the years, 10 major coin categories with more than 1,400 items have been issued.

Also established is the Shenzhen Guobao Mint, a modern enterprise specialized in the production of gold and silver coins. As China merges into the international economy with the deregulation of its domestic gold market,

The China Great Wall Coins Investments Ltd. ( Hong Kong ) was founded as China Gold Coin Inc.'s sole sponsored subsidiary in May 1988. They are concerned with the distribution of Chinese Modern Commemorative Coins, Chinese ancient gold and silver medallions, circulation bank notes and coins as well as other circulation commemorative coins and foreign commemorative coins.

The Bank of China decided to establish China Gold Coin Inc., the functions of which including the project, design, mintage and distribution of CMGSCC. As the sole body dealing in gold and silver commemorative coins. CGCI is considered an important institution to fulfill the obligation of the issuance of precious metal coins, and for the appreciation of national reserve of precious metals for the Central Bank. Since its establishment, the CGCI has released over 2 million ounces of gold coin and more than 15 million ounces of silver coin.

Located in the heart of Hong Kong the China Great Wall Coins Investments Ltd. ( Hong Kong ) has extensive links with coin distribution institutions and dealers in many countries and areas including Asia, America, Europe and Oceania.

China Great Wall Coins Investments Ltd. ( Hong Kong ) is also affiliated to China Gold Coin Inc. And is the only company distributing Chinese Modern Commemorative Coins outside of China.

What are the Chinese Mint Products

Chinese Panda Gold Coin
The Chinese Panda Gold Coin is perhaps one of the most well known of the major gold and silver coins produced in China by the Mint. These are distributed through Three overseas branch companies in Hong Kong, the U.S. and Germany, as well as established extensive co operations with major coin companies and banks in Asia, America and Europe. Within China, CGCI has subsidiary companies in Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen, and over 50 sale agents in big and medium-sized cities of the various countries.

Most of the Chinese gold and silver coins are available from many gold dealers you can find as listed on this site and many others.

Chinese Mint 2008 Olympic Coins
Reminiscent of the Canadian Mints 100-kg (220lbs), The Special Commemorative Beijing 2008 Olympic Games Gold Coin certainly commands attention as one of the most notable coins of the decade.

Weighing in at a massive 22 pounds or 10 kilos and with a diameter of 7.09 inches or 18 centimetres, and made from .9999 fine gold, the 100,000 legal tender Chinese Yuan coin will cost one cool million dollars to own.

A heavy price perhaps sure, but how much is the coin really worth? At the current price of gold ranging from $900 to $980 per ounce at the time of writing and keeping in mind that there are 12 troy ounces per troy pound, that puts the coin’s bullion value at round $250,800 if the gold price was $950 USD per ounce. So this is one expensive coin costing around $3,787 USD per ounce.

But it is certainly a sight to see and the coin is certainly unique, sharply detailed, with only 29 minted worldwide.

In a TwinCities.com article, Douglas Mudd, a curator at the American Numismatic Association Money Museum, stated that it was also the biggest issued Olympic coin to date, and Olympic coins go back to the early fifth century B.C.

The coin’s obverse or heads side depicts the colored emblem of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games with a design derived from Chinese ancient bronze ware. The reverse shows a group of athletes in front of the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests.

Other, more obtainable, 2008 Olympic Commemorative gold include:
Beijing 2008 Olympic Series I 6PC Gold & Silver Set
Beijing 2008 Olympic Series I 4PC Silver Proof Set
Beijing 2008 Olympic Series II Silver Proof Kilo
Beijing 2008 Olympic Series II 6PC Gold & Silver Set
Beijing 2008 Olympic Series II 4PC Silver Set
Beijing 2008 Olympic Series III Gold & Silver Set
Beijing 2008 Olympic Series III 4PC Silver Set
Beijing 2008 Olympic Series III 5 Oz Gold Proof
Beijing 2008 Olympic Series III Silver Proof Kilo
There are three series to the coins, Series I, II, and III in which there are a total of 18 coins in the complete Beijing 2008 Olympics Coin Program, six in gold and twelve in silver.

The common obverse design on all coins features the traditional paired "Chinese dragon" image, the emblem of the Games of XXIX Olympiad, the name of the country and the year 2008.

The reverse designs for the gold coins features various athletic sports. The main figures in the designs derive from ancient Chinese traditional sports. Series II features swimming and weightlifting for example.

All the elements are embedded in the design presented in the form of traditional Chinese "Wa Dang" style. The edge of the coin and the edge of the "Wa Dang" design are perfectly overlapped, displaying a vivid combination of images. The reverse designs depict the true Chinese style, which represents the long sports history in Chinese culture, and conveys the unique Chinese culture.

The swimming design for the 1/3 oz. gold coin derives from the Dunhuang mural of "swimming" found in Cave No. 420 in the Dunhuang Grottoes in northwest China's Gansu Province. The figures in the mural are swimming freely and at ease while the image of fish represents and indicates the features of water.

The weightlifting design for the 1/3 oz. gold coin derives from the painting of Ming Dynasty about 600 years ago, depicting an ancient Chinese man lifting a stone weight. The figure in the design has a large body and strong muscles, implying heroic spirit.

The image on the reverse of the silver coins is distinctively different for each series of the collection. The silver coins, partially highlighted in color, express a swift and livelier tone throughout the collection, and all 12 silver coins are 1 ounce of pure silver.

Series II features famous Chinese landmarks located around the host city, Beijing. The four design images include: The Great Wall of China, the Summer Palace, the Tibetan Tower of Beihai Park, and finally an image of a traditional courtyard dwelling in Beijing. These images are all closely associated with China and will undoubtedly be images seen and represented during the Beijing 2008 Olympics. The left side of the coin, about 1/3 of the area, is divided by the "Chinese traditional Ruyi" decoration, with colored designs on Chinese traditional pottery, glaze, lacquer ware, and blue/white porcelain.

The designs for the Precious Metal Commemorative Coins for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games aims to connote the theme of the Olympic Games; meanwhile, the designs take the form of images derived from Chinese history, folklore, culture and national heritage, reflecting the jubilant feelings of retrospect, joy, enthusiasm and expectation cherished by the Chinese people after the successful bid for the Olympic Games.

The Official Commemorative 5 Ounce Gold Coin for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad.

Considering the size and price, not many collectors will have the opportunity to own one of these coins. The maximum mintage is only 2008 coins and fewer than 100 will be made available to U.S. collectors. The principle design on the obverse side of the coin features an artful blend of Chinese martial arts and the five Olympic rings. This may well be the ultimate collector coin of The 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. This 5-ounce pure gold coin is housed in a spectacular display with a traditional jade lion guarding the gold coin within. The reverse incorporates the official emblem of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and the traditional paired twin dragons.

The Official Commemorative 1 Kilo Silver Coin for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad.

The China Mint has now added a new Silver Kilo coin to its prestigious list: The Official Beijing 2008 Olympic 1 Kilo Silver coin. More easily obtainable price wise and if your quick, the Chinese Silver Kilo coins are minted to the highest quality and look absolutely splendid.

The obverse side features two very distinct ancient Chinese sporting images on the coin: At the bottom the coin features ancient Chinese dragon boat racing, with four muscular racers paddling their way to victory aboard the boat. At the top of the coin there is a pack of horses racing against each other. The obverse side of this coin is a striking blend of Chinese culture and competitive sporting, a perfect representation of the upcoming Beijing 2008 Olympics.

The reverse side of the coin features in Chinese script, "Peoples Republic of China". Featured prominently in the center of the coin is the official Beijing 2008 Olympic logo, surrounded by two ancient Chinese dragons intertwining and facing the logo.

The 1 Kilo Silver coin comes protected in a lacquered wooden display box emblazoned with the official Beijing 2008 Olympic logo and packaged in a sturdy red cardboard protector, also featuring the official Olympic logo. Denomination is 300 Yuan and the coin is accompanied with a certificate of authenticity. The year featured on the coin is 2008, and the coin itself is a full 1 kilogram of pure 99.9% silver with an extremely low mintage of 20,008.

Information on the actual Olympic gold medals won by contestents at the Olympic games can be found at Gold Medals at the Olympics.

How to get Chinese Mint Gold and Silver Coins

The China Gold Coin Incorporation (CGCI) is the only professional company under the direct leadership of the People's Bank of China dealing in gold and silver commemorative coins within China.

Marketing of Chinese Gold and Silver Commemorative Coins (CMGSCC)outside of China is mainly done through the usual overseas banks and coin dealers. Mostly they are in short supply so one has to be quick to get any from the dealers.

Obtaining Modern Gold and Silver Commemorative Coins (CMGSCC) abroad is mainly done through acting overseas banks and coin dealers.

Last word on the Chinese Mint
The Chinese 2008 Olympic gold and silver coins are very impressive and outstanding in quality. They are really for collectors and, although the word ‘investment’ is used liberally on the website these are not really an investment coin. Once an event such as this is finished the desire for such coins diminishes (look at the price ranges for past Olympic event coins) and, although they hold the value of their precious metal content, the premium paid for such coins at the height of desire is not often recaptured, unless such factors as rarity, specific individual desire are present.

For investment one would be better looking at gold bullion in the form of bars or even buying gold and silver from such places as goldmoney.com for example, for investment purposes. Having said that, the coins are beautiful and very well presented.

If you have bought any Chinese gold or silver bullion coins from any dealers please feel free to leave your feedback on the quality of service and products including any online complaints and special attention or service given by any dealers of Chinese gold and silver coins.

Monday, July 21, 2008

Austrian Mint

This write up of the Austrian Mint explains exactly who the Austrian Mint are and what they deal in. It is well worth reading about the Austrian Mint before you decide to buy any gold or silver coins from them.

As always, it is a wise and prudent move to do one’s own due diligence before buying gold from any gold dealer or gold mint.

Who are the Austrian Mint
The Austrian mint continues a tradition seeped in history from the twelfth century. The first mint in goes back to more than 800 years ago and was established at the Court of the Babenberg Dukes in Vienna in 1194 in order to coin silver for the ransom of the English King, Richard the Lionheart.

Many years before, Richard the Lionheart, and Duke Leopold V of Austria participated in a crusade where they broke into an argument. While Richard was on his way back home from the Holy Land, disguised as a pilgrim, he was recognized and captured in the Vienna district of Erdberg – not very far from the present–day Austrian Mint. The Babenberg Duke kept Richard the Lionhearted prisoner in the castle of Dürnstein at the Danube until the beginning of 1193 when he then handed over his hostage to Emperor Henry VI in exchange for the payment of a ransom of 100,000 Cologne marks silver, from which Leopold was supposed to receive half. The value of these 100,000 Cologne marks is estimated today to equal the value of over 2 billion Euro, which would make this the biggest ransom demand and payment in history. A part of this enormous treasure had to go under the striking hammer – and for this purpose the first Vienna mint was began.

The Austrian Mint was made a subsidiary of the Austrian National Bank in 1989 as the Austrian Mint AG.

The Mints website has been online since Dec 1998. However you cannot buy online the Vienna Philharmonic, gold bars or trade gold coins (Ducats, Crowns, Gulden).

Investment gold which is sold on the basis of the daily gold price can be bought at all Austrian banks as well as at coin dealers and the Austrian Mint shops.

Kurt Meyer is the President and Master of the Austrian Mint. Born 1948 in Bavaria, Germany, Meyer graduated from university with a degree in engineering. He first came to the Austrian Mint in 1988 as an advisor participating in its privatisation and restructuring. In 1992 he was appointed a Member of the Executive Board and held the position of Deputy CEO since 2003.

The Austrian Mint Shops

You can buy coins, medals and other Austrian Mint products through the online shop and also in the Austrian Mint shops in Vienna and Innsbruck. The current address is Am Heumarkt 1 A 1030 Wien Österreich

The Austrian Mint Shop in Vienna is open Monday to Friday 9:00-16:00, Wednesday 9:00 -18:00 where you can also visit some interesting exhibitions also. The entrance is free and the exhibitions are a good opportunity to get some background and historical information on the subjects of current coin issues.

Austrian Mint Products
There are a great variety of gold and silver bullion coins produced by the Austrian Mint with the Vienna Philharmonic coin being one of the most well known of the world gold coins.

The Vienna Philharmonic is struck in pure gold, 999.9 fine (24 carats). It is issued every year, in four different face values, sizes and weights. It is often used as an investment product (gold bullion coin), although it usually ends up in the hands of collectors. According to the World Gold Council, the Vienna Philharmonic was the best selling gold coin in 1992, 1995 and 1996 worldwide.

The great organ in the Golden Hall in Vienna's concert hall (Musikverein) is the subject of the obverse of this popular coin. This is the hall of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. The face value in euros, the weight, fineness and year of issue are also inscribed on this side of the coin.

Since February 1, 2008, the coin has also been minted in silver. The design of the silver coin being identical to that of the gold on both sides, except for its face value of 1.50 euro.

Euro gold and silver commemorative coins are special euro coins minted and issued by the various member states of the Eurozone, usually in gold and silver, although other precious metals are sometimes used in rare occasions. According to the Austrian Mint, Austria was one of the first twelve countries in the Eurozone that introduced the euro (€) in 1 January 2002. Since then, the Austrian Mint have been minting both normal issues of Austrian euro coins, which are intended for circulation, and commemorative euro coins in gold and silver.

These particular coins, however, are legal tender in Austria only, unlike the normal issues of the Austrian euro coins, which are legal tender in every country of the Eurozone.

The coins usually commemorate the anniversaries of historical events or draw attention to current events of special importance. Austria mints more than ten of these coins on average per year, in gold, silver and niobium, with face value ranging from 1.25 to 100 euros.

A beautiful design of musical instruments representing the world famous Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra can be seen on the reverse side of the coin.

Austrian Mint Payment Options
In order to buy coins online you will need to register and get a customer number. You can use Diners/MasterCard/Euro Card/Visa or be invoiced for your purchase and prepay.

Orders from the Austrian Mint are shipped in exchange for prepayment by the customer. All payments to Münze Österreich AG must be in Euros. Any contrary
agreements must be in writing beforehand.

Payments within Austria should be submitted to the account of Münze Österreich AG at the Österreichische Postsparkasse while foreign payments submitted to the account of Münze Österreich AG at the Oesterreichische Nationalbank and payments from customers in the Federal Republic of Germany, to the account of Münze Österreich AG.

Payments by credit card such as, VISA, MasterCard, or Diners Club, may be made only in euros and specifying the exact credit card number (16 digits or 14 digits) and the expiry date (month/year), and a signature provided.

Credit cards are not accepted for gold investments such as Vienna Philharmonic, gold trading coins, and gold bars. The Austrian Mint do not accept payments by Visa Electron cards, in addition, the Austrian Mint reserves the right to refuse credit card payments in general for orders of € 150.- and up.

Austrian Mint Shipping
Shipments from the Austrian Mint are sent to the customer within 3 weeks of the respective initial date of issue or 3 weeks from the date the order is received.

If the customer refuses delivery of a paid shipment or the shipment is returned to Austrian Mint as 'undeliverable', the customer will be notified in writing. Costs incurred due to the refusal of an order or an incorrect shipping address are borne by the customer. Austrian Mint has the right to retain such costs or to deduct them from the amount to be refunded.

If a shipment is not received, the customer is obligated to contact Austrian Mint in a timely manner in order to provide information for insurance purposes.

Requests for amendments, changes, or cancellations of an existing subscription or deletion from the address list must be submitted in writing and come into force within 2 months from the date they are received.

Austrian Mint Returns & Refunds
For contracts subject to the Distance Selling Act (BGBl 185/1999), the customer can withdraw from the contract in writing within seven working days (Saturday is not considered a working day) without specifying reasons. The term begins when the customer receives the goods.

However, if the customer has not received all of the information according to § 5d paragraph 1 and 2 KSchG (Käuferschutzgesetz, buyer protection act), the withdrawal term is three months from the date the goods are received; if the information is subsequently received within this three-month term, then the term is limited to seven days from the date the information is received. In general, the right of withdrawal does not apply to products made according to customer specifications (e.g. engraved medals).

Timely dispatch of the declaration of withdrawal is sufficient to comply with the withdrawal term. The declaration of withdrawal must be addressed to:

MÜNZE ÖSTERREICH AG
Sales Department
Am Heumarkt 1
A 1030 Vienna Fax: +43/1/715 86 10.

The goods must be returned to the Austrian Mint along with the declaration of withdrawal. All goods are returned at the sole expense and risk of the customer. Reimbursement of payments already made to the Austrian Mint for returned goods is issued after the goods are returned.

If the customer cannot return all or part of the goods to the Austrian Mint or if they are returned in an impaired condition, the customer will be obligated to provide compensation. In this case, the Austrian Mint has the right to deduct the amount of compensation from the amount being reimbursed to the customer.

Last Word on the Austrian Mint
The Australian Mint produces some of the most beautiful coins in the world. Much sought after by collectors. They have also won awards for the quality and technical innovations used in the manufacture of their products.

Of course, such coins are more for collectors than for investment. Investment in gold and silver is best done using gold or silver rounds and bullion bars. In addition one can invest in gold and silver by owning it and not having the hassle of storage and transport issues, by going to goldmoney.com and opening an account there.

If you have bought any gold coins, silver coins, gold bullion or silver bullion from the www.austrian-mint.at, please feel free to leave feedback on the quality of service and products you found, including any www.austrian-mint.at online complaints and special attention or service given by www.austrian-mint.at.

Sunday, July 13, 2008

Royal Australian Mint

This write up of the Royal Australian Mint explains exactly who the Australian Mint are and what they deal in and is well worth reading before you decide to buy any gold or silver coins from the Australian Mint.

As always, it is prudent to always do one's own due diligence before buying gold from any gold dealer or mint.

Who are the Royal Australian Mint
As mints go the Australian Mint is quite young. His Royal Highness, The Duke of Edinburgh, officially opened the Royal Australian Mint, Canberra, on Monday 22nd February 1965 and the mint was commissioned to produce Australia’s decimal coinage, which was to be introduced into circulation on 14th February 1966.

The Royal Australian Mint is a Division of the Commonwealth Department of the Treasury with the responsibility of producing circulating and numismatic coins for Australia.

Although the Australian Mint replaced the British Royal Mint in the manufacture of coins for Australia, it holds a place in history as the first mint in Australia not to be a branch of the Royal Mint, London.

Since it opened 1965 the Mint has struck well over eleven billion circulating coins and has the capacity to produce over two million coins per day, or over six hundred million coins a year.

The Royal Australian Mint strikes coins for a number of South Pacific nations such as Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Western Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji, Malaysia, Thailand, Nepal, Bangladesh, Israel and Tokelau as well as for New Zealand.

Along with the Perth mint, run and administered by the Western Australian State Government, as a subsidiary through their Gold Corporation, the mint also manufactures medals, medallions, seals and tokens for private and public sectors and sporting and tourism groups, both nationally and internationally. Some examples of these include:
The Order of Australia
Third Pacific Conference Games Medallions
Sydney Monorail token and
Conrad Jupiter’s Casino tokens.
The Mint also produces a range of collector coins (numismatic coins) which are sold through an extensive mail order operation, e-commerce, a network of domestic and international coin dealers, selected Australia Post outlets and the Mint Shop at the mint. These coins are really for collectors and not for investment, the premium on such coins being very high in relation to the precious metal value contained within the coins.

The Mint is closed on Christmas Day and Good Friday but open every other day of the year to the public. Visiting hours are Monday to Friday - 9am to 4pm and Saturday, Sunday and Public Holidays - 10am to 4pm and admission is free.

The CEO of the Mint is Janine Murphy and the Deputy CEO Graham Smith.

The Mint is located at Deakin ACT 2600 AUSTRALIA.

Royal Australian Mint Limited Mintage Sales Policy

The Royal Australian Mint has a limited mintage sales policy that applies to any numismatic product sold with a set mintage of or less than 2000.

The policy states basically that the distribution of numismatic products is determined on the release date of the numismatic product, based on when orders are received by the Royal Australian Mint.

Each of the Royal Australian Mint’s sales channels (fax, mail, online, phone, mint shop) will have an allocation commensurate with the percentage of total sales for that channel.

Sales are restricted to one numismatic product per customer. That could be one coin or one set of coins or other products. This prevents any one person buying up all the issue struck for that coin or coin set and reselling them at a vast profit. The policy is applied to all Royal Australian Mint customers and dealers.

The Royal Australian Mint reserves the right to cancel any order in breach of this policy.

Royal Australian Mint Policy on Coin Themes: Uncirculating Coins
Uncirculating coins (also referred to as numismatic or collector coins) are coins intended for coin collectors and the souvenir/gift market rather than for the payment of goods or services.

By law, Uncirculating coins are legal tender in Australia and are redeemable at their face value at the Reserve Bank of Australia (other Australian banks and deposit taking institutions may redeem the coins but are not under a legal obligation to do this) although due to the price and value of the precious metal it is extremely unlikely that anyone would do so.

Uncirculating coins are sold at a premium to their face value to cover the cost of materials, production, distribution and sale of the coins and to provide the Mints with a profit on their activities. This premium can sometimes be many times the face value of the coin and at least twice the value of the precious metal contained therein.

As legal tender, uncirculating coins must bear on the obverse the approved effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

There are two bodies that have the authority to produce uncirculating coins in Australia:

Perth Mint: The Perth Mint is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Gold Corporation which is a statutory corporation established by the Gold Corporation Act 1987 (WA). Gold Corporation is owned by the Western Australian Government. The Perth Mint produces uncirculating coins under an agreement with the Australian Government.

Royal Australian Mint: The Royal Australian Mint is an Australian Government agency prescribed under the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 (Cth). The Royal Australian Mint produces both circulating and uncirculating coins. It is the only Mint that has the authority to produce uncirculated varieties of Australia’s circulating coins in base or precious metals.

Royal Australian Mint Products

The Australian Mint produces a number of gold and silver coins and coin sets as well as a number of other products related to and even not related to coin collecting. The Royal Australian Mint Shop has a complete list of these gold and silver products, including medallions, pendants, to many to be listed here.

An example coin is the 2007 $10 Gold Proof Coin - Lunar Series Year of the Pig. One tenth of one ounce and priced at 175 AUD or 159.09 overseas price. Other coins are similarly priced compared to the quantity of gold or silver contained therein.

Royal Australian Mint Payment Options
The Australian Mint accepts online credit card payments for their advertised and promoted products. At the Mint shop of course cash is accepted as well as credit, debit and access cards.

Their shopping cart is secure and you would be advised to ensure that the shipping address matches the address on t your credit card account.

For orders in Australia there is a Goods & Services Tax (GST) of 10 percent. For orders overseas there is no Tax.

Royal Australian Mint Returns and Refunds
The mint does not have a buyback program so does not buy back gold or silver coins. You would need to seek out a gold or silver dealer for that. The Australian mint simply sells the coins it manufactures.

If you receive a faulty coin then, under the statutory regulations you may return it for a refund or replacement. If you ever need to do this, although it would be most unlikely and there may even be some possible faint value in having an incorrectly struck coin gold coin, then you can return the article complete with all paper work for a refund or replacement.

Royal Australian Mint Shipping
Shipping is a lot slower than from gold dealers. Usually within 4-6 weeks from the time they receive your order and funds. If, after 6 weeks, you have not received your gold or silver then you should notify the mint giving the following information so they can chase your order down and either expedite it or replace it.
Your name
Address (including post code)
Daytime phone number
Customer number
Date you placed the order (approximate date if exact is not available)
Date your credit card/cheque account was deducted
A short statement confirming that you have not received the parcel
Your signature
The Mint suggests you use the 'Registered Delivery' option to ensure that Australia Post does not deliver the parcel without obtaining a signature from someone in your household, and if the parcel is lost in transit to your house it can then most likely be traced.

The Last Word on the Royal Australian Mint
Buying gold and silver coins from the Australian Mint has the security that you are buying genuine and real gold and silver coins. Of course you will pay top dollar so this is really for collectors only and not for gold or silver investors who’s time and money would be better spend seeking out gold and silver bullion, preferably in large quantities to reduce the premium. In addition one can invest in gold and silver by owning it and not having the hassle of storage and transport issues, by going to goldmoney.com and opening an account there.

If you have bought any gold coins, silver coins, gold bullion or silver bullion from the www.ramint.gov.au, please feel free to leave feedback on the quality of service and products you found, including any www.ramint.gov.au online complaints and special attention or service given by www.ramint.gov.au.